By Tony Smith
The power and status of democracy around the world on the finish of the 20 th century are due in strong degree to the effect of the US on overseas affairs, argues Tony Smith. right here for the 1st time is a publication that files the intense heritage of yank international coverage with appreciate to the advertising of democracy around the world, an attempt whose maximum triumph got here within the occupations of Japan and Germany yet whose setbacks comprise interventions in Latin the US and Vietnam.
Read Online or Download America's Mission: The United States and the Worldwide Struggle for Democracy in the Twentieth Century PDF
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Additional info for America's Mission: The United States and the Worldwide Struggle for Democracy in the Twentieth Century
What they will find is that in the aftermath of victory, Washington determined to win the peace by promoting a concept of national security calling ultimately for democratic government among those with whom the United States would work most closely. Just how to achieve this end was never a clear matter, to be sure. As the North debated what to do with its victory over the South in 1865, so in 1898 American leaders were somewhat unsure what to do with their new role in the Far East and the Caribbean.
But Lincoln’s stance on slavery was not purely tactical. As he said in 1858: I am not, nor ever have been, in favor of bringing about in any way the social and political equality of the white and black races. . there is a physical difference between the black and white races which I believe will forever forbid the two races living together on terms of social and political equality. 14 On January 1, 1863, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, freeing the slaves in states at war with the North.
In Germany and Japan after the war, the United States acted only somewhat differently. Fascists (like Confederates) were purged and socioeconomic reforms introduced. Yet even here the Americans did not push too far, especially when the struggle with the Soviet Union intensified in 1947. Many former elites survived with their positions eventually restored. The picture of Alfred Krupp von Bohlen und Holbach being released from jail in 1951, with his family properties (which had been the center of Hitler’s armament industry) returned to him, mirrors in its way Confederate Vice President Alexander Stephen’s release from prison and subsequent resurrection as United States congressman and governor of Georgia.