By Richard Stoneman, Kyle Erickson, Ian Richard Netton
Alexander the nice of Macedon used to be no stranger to controversy in his personal time. Conqueror of the Greek states, of Egypt and of the Persian Empire in addition to a number of the principalities of the Indus Valley, he however grew to become respected in addition to vilified. was once he easily a destroyer of the traditional civilizations and religions of those areas, or was once he a hero of the Persian dynasties and of Islam? The conflicting perspectives that have been taken of him within the heart East in his personal time and the centuries that are nonetheless mirrored within the tensions that exist among east and west this present day. the tale of Alexander grew to become the topic of legend within the medieval west, yet was once maybe even extra pervasive within the east. The Alexander Romance was once translated into Syriac within the 6th century and will became present in Persia as early because the 3rd century advert. From those beginnings it reached into the Persian nationwide epic, the Shahnameh, into Jewish traditions, and into the Quran and next Arab romance. The papers during this quantity all have the purpose of deepening our figuring out of this complicated improvement. If we will comprehend greater why Alexander is such a massive determine in either east and west, we will be a bit toward figuring out what unites usually antipathetic worlds. This quantity collects the papers introduced on the convention of a similar name held on the collage of Exeter from July 26-29 2010. greater than part the papers have been through invited audio system and have been designed to supply a scientific view of the topic; the rest have been chosen for his or her skill to hold learn ahead in an built-in approach.
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Extra resources for Alexander Romance in Persia and the East
1962-1969, 2:232. Zuwiyya 2001, ff. 92-103 (Arabic). On the Arabic Alexander, Doufikar-Aerts 2010. Budge 1889: English 82 (modified); Syriac 146-47.
Two stories invite particular attention. 1. In the Darab-nameh Alexander has a dream of flight, but he does not build a flying machine. The flying machine, as is well known, is transferred by Ferdowsi from the Alexander story to that of Kai Kavus’ assault on heaven. However, the earliest known occurrences of a flying machine of this kind come in the Life of Aesop, which is heavily dependent on the tale of Ahiqar. Should we envisage a story known first in connection with Ahiqar in Babylonian tradition, moving through Persian lands to Greece, and now back into Persian via the Alexander romance?
Alien Wisdom: the limits of Hellenization. Cambridge UP. Momigliano, A. 1993. The Development of Greek Biography. Harvard UP. Nöldeke, Theodor 1879. ‘Geschichte des Artachshir-i-Papakan’. Beiträge zur Kunde der Indogermanischen Sprachen 4, 22-69. Pearson, Lionel 1960. The Lost Historians of Alexander the Great. American Philological Association. Ruymbeke, C. van 2009. ‘Hellenistic Influences in Classical Persian Literature’ in de Bruijn 2009, 345-68. Stephens, Susan and John J. Winkler 1995. Ancient Greek Novels; the Fragments.