By Dr. Thorsten Wichmann (auth.)
A two-sector version of a constructing state along with agriculture and is gifted. progress and structural swap are mentioned in variations with exogenous in addition to endogenous technical development, algebraically and via numerical simulations. results from taking into consideration peculiarities of meals creation and intake are analyzed. those contain expertise adoption in agriculture, Engel's legislations and a dating among the extent of foodstuff and productivity.
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Extra resources for Agricultural Technical Progress and the Development of a Dual Economy
The marginal product of labor in agriculture is positive. " (HelJeiner. 28). Cf. also World Bank (I 982). 28 2. Economic Development, Endogenous Growth, and Agriculture discuss determinants of the economy's growth rate as well as the prerequisites for viability (growing real wages). The migration decision is looked at more closely by Harris and Todaro (1970). In their model industrial firms pay wages above the market clearing level which leads to urban unemployment. In the rural agricultural sector the wage adjusts to clear the labor market.
O. 3 and in footnote 1 above which, at the individual level, is also known as Engel's law. 13 However, it is not exactly the same since we have not derived a relative price between both goods and therefore total income is not defined in this model. 9) must satisfy the transversality = 0 which has not been shown so far. This boundary condition can only be met if in the steady-state the product of e and K grows with a condition lim e -pteK t-+- rate smaller than the discount rate p. 16) p > A+ (I-a) [(a-I)YA+')'V + (1-y) ~l In the remainder we will assume this condition to hold.
John (1967) describes the development in England at the beginning of the eighteenth century: Productivity increases in agriculture had lead to a rising supply of 25. , Kaldor (1967) and WiUiamson (1989). " 30 2. Economic Development. Endogenous Growth. and Agriculture agricultural output, especially of wheat. Wheat prices concurrendy had fallen by more than 25 percent compared to 50 years before while the prices for other nutrients like meat and dairy products had roughly remained constant. Since the expenditure for bread constituted a considerable fraction of total household expenditure, this price decrease meant a real rise in per-capita income for the mainly rural working population.