By Gail B. Slap MD MS
This concise, evidence-based source covers all of ultra-modern need-to-know details to speedy and successfully diagnose and deal with universal adolescent conditions...in an incredibly straight forward layout. simply because it is so compact, clinically orientated, and simple to learn, Adolescent medication: The standards in Pediatrics is a perfect research device in addition to a handy reference for perform.
- Includes specific discussions on specified wellbeing and fitness matters, universal scientific difficulties, sexual and reproductive future health, behavioral difficulties, and the transition to grownup well-being care that will help you achieve a greater knowing of the original wishes of the adolescent sufferer.
- Features a logical, constant bankruptcy structure that is helping you discover the advice you would like quick.
- Presents ample tables, differential diagnoses, lab values/radiologic reports, treatment/therapy ideas, and assistance on while to consult a consultant equipping you for each scientific problem.
- Discusses controversies about the common of care using thought-provoking medical situations that will help you to figure out the easiest plan of action in tricky occasions.
- Provides highlighted containers that emphasize correct case stories, key issues of every part, and different very important info making you conscious of concerns that influence modern-day perform.
- Uses a wealth of illustrations so that you can see information extra clearly.
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Additional info for Adolescent Medicine: Requisites (Requisites in Pediatrics)
The American Dietetic Association recommends that nutrients for healthy adolescents should come from food rather than supplements. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) agrees, with the exception of fluoride supplementation for children living in areas with nonfluoridated water. The AAP recommends that additional supplementation be considered for adolescents who are neglected or abused, pregnant, chronically ill, and deficient in specific food groups or nutrients. The following general recommendations can be used to guide the nutritional counseling of most adolescents who are seen in the primary care setting: l l l Nutritional Counseling Nutritional counseling ranges from brief endorsements of healthy eating habits to lengthy discussions of malnutrition or disordered eating.
Cognitive, motor, or social limitations may result in less exposure to peer- and school-based education about the development of secondary sex characteristics, menstruation, and personal hygiene. Parents may be uncertain when or how to broach the subjects with their young adolescents. The PCP can help by providing early counseling and by suggesting strategies for managing personal hygiene as the adolescent grows, menses, etc. Counseling about sexual feelings and behavior is essential for all adolescents and should include discussion of appropriate and inappropriate touching, contraception, and sexually transmitted infection.
Dietary energy is provided by carbohydrates, protein and fat. The DRIs recommend that carbohydrates (4 kcal/g) make up 45–65% of energy intake; protein (4 kcal/g), 10– 30%; and fat (9 kcal/g), 25–35%. Dietary fat should come primarily from sources of polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fatty acids, such as fish, nuts, and vegetable oils. Trans fats, found in hydrogenated oils used primarily in bakery products, should be avoided altogether because they increase serum levels of low-density lipoproteincholesterol (LDL-C).