By Marjorie J. McShane
This e-book provides a finished thought of ellipsis that helps the formal, cross-lingusitic description of elliptical phenomena. unlike previous paintings, this research makes a speciality of the interconnected elements that make certain even if ellipsis may still or shouldn't be utilized in a given context.
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Extra info for A Theory of Ellipsis
24 The description here is, by necessity, very brief but should suffice for the current purposes. The Ontological Semantics ontology currently consists of a tangled tree of about fifty-five hundred concepts, divided at the highest level into s, s, and s. , the language-independent concept is not equivalent to the English word dog). The tree structure is determined by - links. Properties are inherited unless locally blocked or specified as having different values from their parents, grandparents, and so on.
Chvany (1996b) further supports the central nature of the GEN: it shares forms with the animate ACC; it is highly differentiated morphologically (unlike the other oblique cases); it is far more frequent than PREP, DAT, or INSTR; it alternates with ACC in the negative. 7 • Fowler (1996) points out a functional similarity between configurational ACC, lexical GEN, and lexical INSTR, that noun phrases with all of these types of case marking can undergo passivization: “Genitive and Instrumental complements of verbs which assign oblique lexical case are OBJECT ELLIPSIS : PRELIMINARIES 37 eligible for passivization because in syntactic terms, they are actually direct objects, with a superficial veneer of oblique morphological case” (538).
The adjectival modifier implies the head noun tea, an instance of reverse valency. In colloquial Russian, a single short sentence like (16) can contain elided categories licensed in both ways: (16) [The interlocutor is serving cake] Можно ∅ ∅ с розочкой? (Zemskaja, Kitajgorodskaja, and Širjaev 1981: 206). Mo0no ∅ ∅ s rozockoj? (Zemskaja, Kitajgorodskaja, and Širjaev 1981: 206). ’ 20 A THEORY OF ELLIPSIS In this example, possibleIMPERS implies a verb like get, have and the first-person experiencer by direct valency, whereas with a rose implies piece of cake by reverse valency.