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I f interference is clearly evident they are called consonantal continuants " C " , if there is no interference they are called vocalic continuants "Q", and if interference is slight or doubtful they are called semivocalic continuants "Q"'. 4. )] em en eng The G continuants are arranged in four voiceless/voiced pairs followed by the three nasal continuants, all of which are voiced. Although there are no bona fide English words which consist phonetically of C continuants, only, [sVs], [S^S], and [m 1 m 1 m] carry correspondence value as signals of disapproval, silence, and agreement respectively.

We find that we have several kinds of compound word (so-called by analogy with "compound sentence"), sound changes (called morphophonemic) accompanying a morphemic development, multiple lines of development, change of part of speech, and the other phenomena which are, taken together, the morphology of the language. Compound words are molecular words, usually dimorphemic, which state the terms of a morphemic relation or which fail to make a clear morphemic predication. In English, for example, the names for the first twelve cardinal numbers are simple words; {eleven} and {twelve} are molecular words in Old English but that need not concern us for the moment.

Francis, American English, p. 199. 5. MORPHEMIC PROGRESSIONS Purely complex words are so close in their development to the artificial progressions described in (VII) above that they scarcely seem to belong to a natural language: 0. 1. 2. 3. (4) west northwest north northwest north northwest ¿north a F A F2 (Fx a) (F, (F1 a)) F3 is an example of such a development, and even here the refractory or incalcitrant character of a natural language shows itself in the third stage of the progression, where F3 is not a third successive prefix but a first suffix.

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