By Brian Galligan
This provocative e-book, first released in 1995, argues that Australia is already a federal republic instead of a constitutional monarchy. It argues that through adopting a federal structure in 1901 Australians ensured their prestige as a sovereign humans. whereas the ebook doesn't deny the parliamentary and monarchic components of the Australian process, it demands a favorable reassessment of the structure. Brian Galligan forcefully argues that the Australian structure has primacy over the opposite political associations of the kingdom. The ebook considers primary concerns that come up in dialogue of the structure and federalism, together with the position of the Senate, the opportunity of a invoice of rights, the way in which the excessive courtroom suits into the present procedure and the character of governmental relatives. This publication will overturn the orthodoxies of a lot knowledgeable opinion and may problem republicans and monarchists alike. Brian Galligan's particular standpoint as a political scientist throws mild on many features of federalism and may stimulate huge debate.
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Extra info for A Federal Republic: Australia's Constitutional System of Government
How do these typologies lend themselves to the 32 Public Administration in Contested Societies identiﬁcation of professional and technocratic norms? Reissman (1949) found that bureaucrats exhibited allegiances, not only to their job and government but also to the ‘professional organisations’ and ‘social constellations’ to which they were attributed. In the contested city, how does this ‘surrounding social milieu’ affect the norms, governance beliefs and values of the bureaucratic elite? Turning to existing research into bureaucrat typologies a number of theoretically existent traits among the bureaucratic elite can be identiﬁed.
Rehfuss (1986: 459) too ﬁnds that women and minorities share a ‘management ideology’ with their white male counterparts, suggesting that the organisational environment restricts active representation on behalf of one’s primary identity. Within contested societies, this hypothesis has not been sufﬁciently explored. In a passively representative bureaucracy we do not know if Hindus represent Hindus or if Shi’a Muslims within the bureaucracy would represent Shi’a Muslims in society – it has merely been assumed Representative Bureaucracy in Plural Societies 17 that this would be the case.
The study can then proceed to determine how universal certain characteristics are among the bureaucratic elite in power-sharing societies and hence give us a greater understanding of how, and to what end, they employ or exploit administrative structures. Typologies What does existing public administration literature tell us about bureaucrat typologies? How do these typologies lend themselves to the 32 Public Administration in Contested Societies identiﬁcation of professional and technocratic norms?